Veja 7 dicas para fotografia de paisagem

6 minutos para ler

Observar um cenário incrível e conseguir fazer uma foto que represente toda a beleza que se vê na paisagem a olho nu são situações bastante diferentes. Muita gente tenta fazer o registro, mas, na hora de olhar as fotos, percebe que o resultado não conseguiu transmitir a sensação desejada.

Por isso, preparamos esse guia com 7 dicas para fotografia de paisagem, a fim de ajudar o leitor a entender como quesitos como iluminação, composição, velocidade do obturador e o uso de lentes podem ajudar a fazer o registro perfeito. Continue a leitura e confira as informações especiais que preparamos para você.

1. Use o modo manual

Utilizar o modo automático limita as opções do fotógrafo, que interferirá menos na foto. Ao passar a configuração para o manual, você terá a oportunidade de pensar em todos os aspectos da fotografia, do enquadramento à quantidade de luz que passa pela lente.

É importante lembrar que fotografar no manual é como montar um quebra-cabeças: primeiro, deve-se observar o cenário ao seu redor, imaginar que resultado se quer obter e, então, avaliar ponto a ponto o que se deve fazer para alcançar o objetivo.

Nesse jogo, é preciso alterar ISO, abertura do diafragma, velocidade do obturador, sistema de focagem e muitas outras configurações. Também é recomendado fotografar em RAW, já que esse formato de arquivo permite a manipulação completa do material no momento da edição.

Em cenários noturnos, é também interessante fazer a focagem manualmente, já que pode haver pouca luz para que a câmera consiga focar no automático. Você pode fazer isso estimando a distância entre a lente e o objeto de interesse. Depois, é só marcar a distância no anel de foco, tendo como base a metragem correspondente da objetiva. 

2. Apoie a câmera em um tripé

Fotografar uma paisagem de maneira adequada demanda do artista tempo e paciência. É preciso observar o cenário e escolher a hora perfeita para fazer o clique. Adicionalmente, esse tipo de fotografia pede grande profundidade de campo, já que pode ser interessante ver em detalhes vários planos da foto.

Como resultado, muitas vezes é necessário usar aberturas pequenas do diafragma. Assim, as condições de luz do local podem conduzir à necessidade de se usar uma baixa velocidade do obturador para garantir a luminância certa, principalmente se a fotografia for feita à noite.

Para lidar com essa baixa velocidade do obturador sem sofrer com trepidações que comprometam a qualidade da foto, usar um tripé e, de preferência, também um disparador é essencial. Assim, não deixe de levar consigo esse tipo de equipamento e lembre-se de testá-lo antes. 

3. Leve linhas e formas em consideração

Observar as linhas naturais presentes em um cenário e destacá-las na composição é uma forma simples de conseguir um resultado fotográfico imponente, portanto, observe linhas e formas. Avaliar se elas convergem no último plano da foto pode, inclusive, aumentar a profundidade de campo.

Atente-se especialmente para a linha do horizonte, que deve estar na parte inferior ou superior da foto. Colocá-la exatamente no meio da imagem faz com que a composição se torne estática e pouco convidativa.

Outra dica relacionada à composição é inserir pessoas no cenário. A medida torna a foto atraente, já que cria um elemento de identificação com o observador. Adicionalmente, isso deixa mais claro as noções de espacialidade e as dimensões da paisagem.

4. Utilize filtros nas lentes

Uma fotografia de paisagem profissional precisa de contraste e vivacidade em suas tonalidades. Entretanto, é bastante comum surgir um resultado apagado e homogêneo. Para evitar o problema, é necessário suplementar a fotometria correta ao uso de filtros específicos.

Assim, uma boa ideia é levar consigo filtros UV, que protegem a objetiva em relação à incidência de raios solares, polarizadores, que realçam cores e reduzem o reflexo, e os de densidade neutra, indicados para diminuir a entrada de luz que passa pela lente.

Com isso, fica mais fácil combater o excesso de luz e adicionar um contraste natural à imagem antes mesmo de partir para o processo de edição.

5. Foque no lugar certo

Como normalmente uma paisagem oferece vários pontos de interesse, pode ser que o cenário se torne disperso demais. O recomendado é avaliar qual é o ponto central de interesse e fazer com que ele se destaque na foto, não só por meio de uma posição privilegiada no enquadramento, mas, também, a partir da focagem.

Vale lembrar que olhos treinados conseguem identificar o que foi focado na imagem. Isso determina não só o ponto de interesse do observador, ainda que inconscientemente, como também a fotometria da imagem.

6. Invista em bons equipamentos

Já experimentou fotografar paisagem com uma grande-angular? Esse é o tipo de lente perfeito para a empreitada, uma vez que permite enquadrar cenas maiores. Por isso, ela dá um tom majestoso e grandioso ao cenário, que pode mostrar mais elementos ao espectador.

As teleobjetivas, por sua vez, reduzem a profundidade de campo, produzindo um certo efeito de achatamento entre os planos, e aproximam elementos que estão distantes. 

7. Conheça o assunto

Fotografar paisagens é um tema amplo. Registrar uma praia é diferente de fazer fotos de geleiras, desertos e florestas. Cada cenário traz consigo suas particularidades e desafios. Por isso, fazer uma pesquisa específica com antecedência é primordial.

Investigar informações sobre o tempo que você vai encontrar também é importante. Além do mais, horários especiais, como o nascer e o pôr-do-sol, pedem paciência e comprometimento. Assim, chegue com antecedência, procure o melhor lugar para se posicionar, pense no enquadramento e monte o tripé

Como vimos, algumas dicas para fotografia de paisagem fazem toda a diferença na hora de produzir uma foto comum ou uma de estilo profissional. Atentando-se a questões como horário, equipamento, composição, iluminação e outras técnicas, conquistar a foto perfeita se torna uma tarefa não só instigante, como também bem interessante!

Além de ler sobre o assunto, não deixe de procurar por equipamentos de qualidade, para que eles não o deixem na mão na hora de fazer as fotos, e pratique bastante antes de programar o passeio que quer registrar.

Gostou das dicas? Compartilhe este texto nas redes sociais e divida essas informações com os amigos!

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