Saiba como fazer impressão de fotos digitais

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Para quem nasceu antes dos anos 2000, uma lembrança deve ser ainda muito forte e nostálgica na mente: o momento de revelar o filme da câmera analógica. Afinal, era só depois disso que podíamos ver se os cliques dos eventos familiares, momentos com amigos ou viagens tinham realmente dado certo. Receber o envelope com as 36 fotos reveladas era um verdadeiro evento!

A fotografia digital trouxe um verdadeiro avanço nesse processo. Ela tornou possível que as pessoas conseguissem visualizar o resultado do clique em tempo real, permitindo tirar quantas fotos fossem necessárias até obter a imagem ideal.

Ao mesmo tempo, também diminuiu o interesse pelas fotos impressas. Porém ainda há muitas pessoas que têm o hábito de imprimir fotos em casa ou em empresas especializadas.

É o seu caso? Mostraremos neste artigo dicas imperdíveis para você fazer a impressão de fotos digitais! Boa leitura!

Tenha as configurações adequadas das fotos

Talvez você já tenha passado pela situação de levar um arquivo para impressão em loja especializada e recebeu a foto com algumas bordas pretas ou brancas, não é mesmo? A frustração é grande e poderia ter sido evitada com a configuração adequada do arquivo de imagem.

Ao encaminhar para impressão em tamanho tradicional (10x15cm), a proporção da foto deve estar em 3:2. O mesmo vale para os formatos 13x18cm, 20x30cm e 30x45cm.

Caso opte por outras padronizações, deverá realizar as adaptações para as proporções a seguir:

  • 20x25cm: 5:4;
  • 24x30cm: 5:4;
  • 25x38cm: 4:3;
  • Panorâmicas: é importante que você converse com a empresa para fazer a impressão de forma adequada.

A sua foto pode ter cortes ou ser impressa com bordas caso não faça as mudanças. Esse tipo de problema é muito comum quando o usuário salva uma foto retirada da Web, principalmente das redes sociais (é o caso de imagens quadradas, na proporção 1:1).

Se você descobrir que ela não está dentro das proporções adequadas, não se preocupe! É possível corrigir em programas de edição de fotos, como o Photoshop. É fácil fazer.

Também é necessário levar o arquivo em um formato adequado caso vá fazer a impressão em outro local. O ideal é que você opte ou pelo próprio arquivo RAW, para não ter nenhuma perda de qualidade, ou por TIFF, EPS ou JPEG. Outros podem ter uma maior compressão e levar a uma grande perda de qualidade, alterando o resultado na hora da impressão.

Conte com uma boa resolução de imagem

É fundamental que o arquivo de imagem tenha uma boa resolução. Segundo os principais especialistas, para um material 10x15cm, em tese, fotos com 1MP já conseguem bons resultados sem que ocorra o efeito de pixalização. Mas distorções ainda podem ocorrer. O ideal é que, minimamente, o arquivo tenha 3MP de resolução.

Como um leigo consegue conferir isso, principalmente se a imagem foi obtida na web (por meio de redes sociais, por exemplo)? Verifique o tamanho do arquivo. Nessa resolução, normalmente, ele tende a ocupar 1MB de espaço. Se o armazenamento for menor, provavelmente estamos falando de um arquivo com resolução baixa.

Ah, e um detalhe: filtros de aplicativos que utilizamos nos celulares podem levar à perda de detalhes importantes. O mesmo ocorre quando salvamos uma imagem de uma rede social. Nesse último caso, é realizada uma compressão do arquivo para publicação, fazendo com que se percam algumas informações e, até mesmo, qualidade do conteúdo.

Por isso, sempre que possível, opte pelo arquivo original!

Tome cuidado com as cores das imagens

Muitas vezes fotos mais saturadas, estouradas ou com determinados filtros mais fortes podem ter um efeito ótimo em telas, devido às luzes internas dos dispositivos. Porém, no papel, o resultado pode ficar estranho ou com má qualidade.

É fundamental que você considere esses pontos ao editar suas fotos: se o intuito é mandá-la para impressão ou realizar o processo em casa, tente equilibrar um pouco mais as composições da imagem.

Tenha um papel para impressão de qualidade

Caso vá fazer a impressão em casa, é fundamental ter o papel ideal para não atrapalhar a cor e a vivacidade da imagem. O mais comum nessas situações é o próprio papel fotográfico, comumente comercializado em papelarias. Ele é conhecido também como papel brilhante, ou glossy. É o mais utilizado, pois, tem alto brilho na superfície.

Você pode utilizar outros tipos de papeis, dependendo da finalidade e, até mesmo, do seu interesse, tais como:

  • papel fosco (matte): normalmente é a opção dos fotógrafos profissionais ao fornecer a impressão para os clientes. A textura opaca não oferece reflexos, além de dar um ar elegante e diferenciado para o material;
  • papel texturizado: tem sensibilidade ao tato, sendo o areia e linho os mais comercializados e utilizados para este fim. Pode servir, também, para um diferencial competitivo, dependendo do tipo de imagem que vai imprimir;
  • papel metálico: normalmente não é utilizado devido ao custo maior em comparação com os demais. Pode trazer um efeito bem legal para a foto, pois as cores presentes passam a ter um brilho metalizado. É importante pensar em como ficará o resultado final, de acordo com o esquema de cores da sua fotografia.

A escolha deve ser feita de forma consciente, pois altera os tons e os contrastes das fotografias. Caso nunca tenha utilizado alguma dessas modalidades, faça alguns testes para entender como essas alterações ocorrem.

Conte com uma impressora adequada

Tudo que falamos acima dará certo se você contar com uma impressora adequada para o processo. Atualmente, boa parte dos dispositivos caseiros consegue realizar uma impressão de alta definição em papel fotográfico.

Se o seu equipamento for jato de tinta, é fundamental aguardar o tempo de secagem, a fim de não borrar a imagem. Caso opte pela impressora laser, não é necessário. Mas é indicado substituir o papel glossy pelo couchê ou filicoat, que reproduzem bem o efeito de revelação fotográfica.

Além disso, a impressão a laser tem um brilho natural e acabamento espelhado, tornando o resultado final mais bonito!

Como você pode perceber, fazer impressão de fotos digitais em casa ou em uma loja especializada para esse tipo de serviço pode ser uma boa solução para quem quer ter as imagens de boas memórias da vida.

Você já sabia como fazer impressão de fotos digitais? Ficou alguma dúvida sobre esse assunto? Conte para nós nos comentários!

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