Como fazer fotos noturnas: confira 7 dicas incríveis

6 minutos para ler

Tirar boas fotos noturnas é um grande desafio — até mesmo para muitos profissionais. A baixa iluminação complica a obtenção das imagens pelo sensor da câmera. É fácil entender o motivo dessa dificuldade quando pensamos em como a fotografia funciona.

Afinal, o sensor das máquinas capta a luz emitida pelos objetos. Se estamos em um ambiente noturno, ou seja, com pouca iluminação, o sensor terá mais dificuldades para identificar o objeto. Assim, a qualidade da imagem cai consideravelmente.

Alguns mecanismos podem ser utilizados para amenizar isso, como aumento de ISO, maior abertura do diafragma. Porém, quando eles são feitos da forma errada, podem complicar ainda mais a situação. Por isso é fundamental dominar algumas técnicas que ajudarão nisso.

Vamos mostrar 7 dicas sobre como fazer fotos noturnas e auxiliar você nesse processo! Boa leitura e se informe!

1. Tenha uma boa câmera

Para obter uma melhor imagem à noite, é fundamental ter uma boa câmera a sua disposição. Isso porque elas têm sensores mais potentes, capazes de identificar melhor os objetos, mesmo com baixíssima iluminação.

Por exemplo, é muito mais fácil conseguir uma foto à noite com melhor qualidade com uma câmera DSLR do que com um dispositivo de imagem presente em um smartphone. Isso porque o primeiro dispositivo tem um sensor com maior sensibilidade à luz, conseguindo melhores resultados.

Se você deseja trabalhar de forma profissional com fotografia, ou se o seu hobby envolve também obter boas imagens no período noturno, é fundamental escolher câmeras de qualidade para isso.

2. Utilize o modo manual

As configurações automáticas das câmeras podem, muitas vezes, oferecer resultados que não sejam tão favoráveis para o período noturno. Até mesmo os modelos que oferecem o preset noturno podem não apontar resultados tão favoráveis.

O ideal é que você utilize o modo manual para controlar as variáveis que estão envolvidas no processo de obtenção da imagem. Você pode configurar questões como:

  • aumento/diminuição do ISO;

  • aumento/diminuição da velocidade do obturador;

  • aumento/diminuição da abertura do diafragma.

Para quem já fotografa há algum tempo, consegue praticamente de imediato identificar quais as configurações que devem ser realizadas para conseguir um melhor resultado, evitando a granulação da foto ou objetos demasiadamente escuros.

Para você que está começando agora, uma forma de compreender como essas configurações funcionam e o resultado de cada uma delas é treinando no dia a dia. Saia à noite e vá testando cada configuração para determinadas situações. Assim, você conseguirá identificar os melhores resultados caso a caso.

3. Conte com um tripé para evitar trepidação

Normalmente as fotos noturnas exigem uma diminuição da velocidade do obturador, para que o sensor possa receber uma entrada maior de luz vinda dos objetos que compõem o quadro. Porém isso gera um problema: qualquer trepidação ou movimentação das mãos do fotógrafo compromete a nitidez da foto.

Por exemplo, se a pessoa, ao acionar o obturador, gerar uma movimentação maior do que o esperado, a foto poderá sair borrada e comprometer o resultado final.

Uma forma de gerar maior estabilidade é contar com um tripé. Ele oferece uma maior sustentação e menor perda de fotos ao longo do evento. Isso é fundamental, por exemplo, para os fotógrafos de eventos noturnos, que não podem perder oportunidades ao longo da noite.

Outra solução para minimizar a trepidação é ter lentes que tenham Redução de Vibração. A própria objetiva percebe a instabilidade e, por meio de motores internos, consegue minimizar os impactos da movimentação no resultado final.

4. Conte com lentes mais claras

No mundo da fotografia, falamos que são lentes mais claras aquelas que têm uma boa abertura de diafragma. Dessa forma, elas permitem uma maior entrada de luz no sensor. Quanto mais próximo de f/1, mais clara ela será.

Se você habitualmente fotografa à noite, será fundamental ter uma lente mais clara para facilitar o trabalho.

5. Saiba analisar a fotometria

Algumas câmeras (principalmente as DSLR profissionais) contam com fotometria. Essa ferramenta auxilia os profissionais a identificar se o controle de luz está ideal, muito baixo ou muito alto (estourando a imagem).

Se você está começando agora e conta com um equipamento desse tipo, é importante observar os dados que a fotometria está mostrando. Caso ela evidencie uma iluminação mais baixa, modifique os controles de luminosidade (velocidade do obturador, abertura do diafragma e ISO) até encontrar um resultado mais equilibrado.

6. Saiba usar o ISO

O controle de ISO diz respeito ao aumento ou diminuição da sensibilidade à luz pelos sensores. É um efeito semelhante ao que correspondia ao ASA, que dizia respeito à sensibilidade do filme a luz. Quanto maior era o ASA, maior era a sensibilidade do filme à luz.

No ISO, quanto mais altos seus valores, mais clara ficará a imagem. Porém, essa elevação também potencializa as chances de granular a imagem, diminuindo a nitidez. Por isso, saber utilizar esse mecanismo é fundamental para conseguir clarear a imagem sem gerar distorções.

A dica ideal é: saiba equilibrar. Como falamos, se você souber utilizar o modo manual, com o controle de velocidade e abertura do diafragma, não precisará contar com um ISO alto.

7. Conte com um flash externo

Por mais que os fotógrafos tentem evitar o uso do flash, em alguns momentos isso se torna impossível. Porém, quando bem usado, ele pode ser um aliado interessante para imagens de boa qualidade realizadas à noite.

O flash deve ser utilizado para captar imagens próximas à câmera. Se você pretende utilizá-lo para paisagens, o resultado não será bom. Também pode ser uma boa opção contar com um equipamento externo, que traz melhores resultados do que o “pop up” disponível nas câmeras.

Se você encontrar dificuldades em como fazer fotos noturnas, mesmo com essas dicas, não desista! É realmente complicado encontrar o modo ideal de fotografar nessas condições. Para isso, é necessário paciência e prática. Com o tempo você verá que os resultados serão excelentes!

Gostou deste conteúdo? Quer mais dicas como essas que auxiliarão você em seu hobby ou a se tornar um melhor profissional na área de fotografia? Assine a nossa newsletter e encaminharemos o que há de melhor nos conteúdos sobre esse tema diretamente para seu e-mail!

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